Diving is classified as an art as well as a sport. Beauty
and grace must be added to feats of strength and agility while
the body is moving through the air. The diver must have total
body control and good kinesthetic awareness.
in one-metre and three-metre springboard events and also on
platform. When competing platform, divers may perform from
five, seven and one-half, or ten meters.
A dive is not judgedby
entry alone. All phases of the performance are considered:
the approach, the take-off, the technique and grace during
flight, and the entry into the water. The judges score each
dive, in its entirety, without concern for difficulty as each
dive has an assigned Degree of Difficulty (D.D.) to reward
the athletes for complicated skills.
ON THE BOARD - The diver stands with their body straight,
head erect, arms straight and to the sides or above the head.
Once a diver moves their arms from a backward take-off position
or starts their run in a forward take-off postion they must
continue or a balk can be called by the referee. One balk
is allowed - resulting in a penalty of two points which is
deducted from each judge's score by the scorers as instructed
by the referee. Should a diver lose their balance and their
feet touch the platform in an armstand dive, the same rule
applies. A second results in a failed dive.
- The diver walks down the board maintaining good posture
and must take at least four steps including the hurdle. If
a diver takes less than four steps the referee shall instruct
the scorers to deduct two points from the award of each judge.
The run should be smooth, straight and without hesitation.
- The diver must leave the board from bnoth feet on the springboard
but may take off from one foot on the platform. It shall be
bold, reasonably high and confident and may be performed either
standing or running. The judges shall award points for a standing
dive, bearing in mind the height and standard of execution
which might be expected from a running dive. Only one bounce
on the same spot is allowed, it is permissible for a diver
to start the board in motion in preparing for a back take-off.
- The divers legs should be together and toes pointed.
There are six
groups of dives:
Forward - forward
take-off (facing the water) with forward rotation.
Backward - backward take-off (back to the water) with backward
Reverse - forward take-off with backward rotation.
Inward - backward take-off with forward rotation.
Twist - Any of the above groups with 1/2 to 4 twists added.
Armstand - (from the platform only) dives performed from a
handstand on the end of the platform.
The body positions are:
A: Straight - body not bent.
B: Pike - body bent at the hips only.
C: Tuck - body bent at hips and knees.
D: Free - combination of the above postions (used for twist
Arm position is optional.
If a position
is clearly other than announced, the referee will declare
that the highest mark shall be two points. If a postion is
partially other than announced the maximum mark is 4.5.
If the diver touches
the end of the board, or dives to the side of the direct line
of flight - this indicates, no matter how well the dive may
have been executed, that they were too close to the board
for proper execution and the judges make their own decisions
regarding the deduction of points from their scores. It is
proposed that in this case the highest mark be 4.5.
Twisting must not be done manifestly from the board in straight
dives with oone-half or full twist. In pike dives with the
twist, the twist must not be started until there is a definite
pike position shown. Twists may be done at any time in somersaults
with twists. If a twist is more or less than announced by
90 degrees the diver receives zero fro that dive as declared
by the referee.
- In all flying somersault dives a straight position should
be clearly shown for approximately one-half of the somersault.
This position should be assumed from the take-off except for
dive 116 in which the straight position must be shown after
one somersault has been completed.
- body is vertical, or nearly so, with arms stretched beyond
the head in line with the body, hands close together.
FEET FIRST - body is vertical, or nearly so, with arms
tightly at the sides of the body.
A dive is finished when the whole body is completely under
the surface of the water. What happens under the water is
All dives must be executed by the divers without help from
anyone after the referee has signaled the start of the dive.
After the competition
is started, a diver must not bounce on the springboard until
after the score of the previous diver has been announced.
A diver who refuses
the execution of a dive shall recieve zero points for that
A diving meet is
conducted by a referee, a panel of 5 or 7 judges, an announcer
and scorers. The referee manages the event and ensures all
regulations are observed. After each dive, the referee signals
the judges who, without communication with any collegues,
immediately flash their awards. Points are awarded from zero
to ten, according to the opinion of the judge based on the
criteria and the performance.
What The Scores Mean
Very Good 8-1/2
to 10 Good 6-1/2 to 8
Satisfactory 5 to 6 Deficient 2-1/2 to 4-1/2
Unsatisfactory 1/2 to 2 Failed 0
The judges' scores
are written in order on each diver's sheet. The highest and
lowest scores are eliminated and the remaining scores are
added. This score is then multiplied by the D.D to produce
the final score for the dive. The scores for each dive are
added to give the total score for the event. The diver with
the highest cumulative score at the end of the competition
is the winner.
During a competition, the divers must perform compulsory and
optional dives, the number of dives varies depending on the
consists of preliminaries and finals. All divers in the competition
compete in preliminaties and perform their compulsory dives,
they may also (depending on the competion) perfrom optional
dives. The totals from the preliminaries are used to perform
"cuts" in which only the top divers will move on
to the finals. Depending on the competition, this is typically
eight, ten, or twelve divers.
The divers in the
final will perform additional dives, typically optional dives
and fewer than in the preliminaries. The scores from preliminaries
are usually discarded so that each diver starts out equal
in the final competition. The diver with the highest score
after finals is the winner.